Before you file a lawsuit on discrimination by your employer, you must file a charge of discrimination with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The best thing about the body is that you don’t have to wait until you leave your job so as to file a complaint with the agency.

You can still do so while still working for your employer. However, before you file charges with EEOC against your employer, there are a few thing that you need to understand about the agency.

What EEOC Is All About

The EEOC is a federal body that is in charge of interpreting and enforcing laws against discrimination. Among the acts that the agency enforces include the Title VII of the Civil Rights, Age Discrimination in Employment, the Americans with Disabilities, and Genetic Information Nondiscrimination acts.

Once you file a complaint related to any of these acts, the EEOC carries out an investigation on your behalf to prove that you were subjected to discrimination. When you file a charge, you are hereafter referred to as “the charging party”.

Steps For Pre-Filing Charges With EEOC

The Federal prohibits any form of employment discrimination based on age, color, sex, national origin, genetic information, and religion. If you feel that your employer is subjecting you to any form of discrimination, go to the EEOC website and check out their information contact.

You can choose to file your charges online or drop your application in the nearest EEOC office.

Limitation Of Filing Charges

Sometimes, you might have fears of filing an EEOC complaint during employment. However, before you back off from filing a complaint, you need to understand that you have been given only 180 days to do so.

If you have the slightest feeling that you have been discriminated, you shouldn’t waste time but instead, file charges with the agency and leave it to them to decide whether you have been discriminated or not. If there is a companion law in your state, then you have 300 days to file a complaint.

Responsibilities After Filing An EEOC Complaint

After filing an EEOC complaint, you need to be as supportive as possible by providing the officer in charge of your case by timely and accurate information. If you are contacted by the officer requesting for any information, be sure to respond in a timely manner.

You don’t have to beat yourself about requesting information from the human resource department as the agency can demand the department to provide any necessary material required to help with the case.

You should enlighten the investigator about any documents in your personal file that should augment your case against your employer.

Expectations After Filing A Complaint

After filing an EEOC complaint while still employed, the human resource department will know and there are high chances that news of your action will travel fast throughout the company.

Even if there are other employees who share your predicament, avoid as much as possible to mobilize them to join your cause. You should instead act normally at work and perform your duties as expected.

However, you should keep a record of all actions that you might consider retaliation by your employer for filing charges against him and provide them to the investigator if need be.