This is a material made up of strips of surgical mesh that is inserted on to person’s bladder through surgery, with the aim of treating a condition known as Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI). SUI is a condition whereby a person is unable to control the bladder to hold back urine when engaged in intense physical activities and even laughing or sneezing.
This condition is popular in women than men and the risk increases during pregnancy, childbirth, vaginal infections, and menopause. At these times the bladder is usually under a lot of pressure.
In the early years, this condition used to be treated in various ways including Pessaries, Pelvic floor therapy, Burch Colposuspension. Fortunately, bladder sling operation came into the medical field as a less risky way of dealing with this condition. So many women opt for this new method in order to ascertain then of fewer problems after the surgery.
Risks And Complications Associated With This Treatment Method
Despite the fact that this method seems to be the only safest way of managing the SUI condition, one should keep in mind that this kind of treatment will not stop the condition permanently. It also has its side effects. Many women who have undergone this procedure have experienced certain side effects during and after the surgical process. This bladder sling once attached to your tissue, it is meant to support the urethra and bladder to prevent any leakage. The duration of recovery varies from one person to another but generally, it may take 3 to 4 weeks, however, bleeding stops as soon as the surgery is completed.
In the process of recovery, one may experience minor leaks and the normal outcome people undergo after any surgery.
Side Effects of Sling Bladder Operation
A number of women have had to go back to their gynecologist to have their reproductive organs examined long after they underwent the sling bladder surgery. Fortunately, few cases of deaths have been reported as a result of this; almost less than 5% chance. Nevertheless, some have developed symptoms such as:
- Internal bleeding
- Irritation at the site of incision
- Minor pain
- Puncturing of organs as a result of the mesh eroding into nearby organs
- Consequently failure of the affected organs. All these symptoms are mostly incurred from the type of bladder sling used or the operation, if not bodily reactions.
There are those slings made from human tissues which are common; recurrent of symptoms, though one will experience short-term difficulties. Then there are those made from synthetic mesh, less popular and some of their distributors may sell already used slings to patients or those with very poor quality thereby causing a lot of problems thereafter; this kind of mesh can cause vaginal scarring and even perforation of the nearby organs.
Examples of synthetic bladder slings include American Medical Systems, Coloplast’s Novasilk. With regards to the type of operation, there are 3 common types of bladder sling surgery. the Tension-Free Vaginal Tape (TVT) sling; here the tape is just held by the patient’s tissue.
Transobturator Tape (TOT or TVT-0) sling and Mini-sling which is actually the latest treatment technology. The TOT is the greatest risk of the three methods.
Signs that may indicate that the bladder sling is eroding include
- Vaginal bleeding
- Vaginal pain
- Abdominal discharge
- Urinary frequency
- Urinary fistula
For these reasons, a lot of women and couples have come out through legal means to file lawsuits in a number of Courts over transvaginal mesh quality against their manufacturers with the claims that the manufacturers of these products had a legal duty to guarantee them their safety and the effectiveness of the pelvic mesh products they purchased from the manufacturers.
Manufacturers are accused in the lawsuits for misleading a lot of individuals like the medical staff, patients and the public about the safety and effectiveness of their products just to gain money. For not properly testing the transvaginal mesh products before distribution.
For failing: to carry out sufficient research on the risks of surgical mesh, to create safe methods to remove the transvaginal mesh, and to adequately warn the public of potential difficulties and injuries that may be likely.
Due to all these complaints, and if the court finds manufacturers guilty beyond reasonable doubt, the manufacturers of any of the used products by the complainant is asked by the Court to pay for several damages including:
- Lost spousal consortium
- Wages lost by the complainant
- Medical expenses, plus the costs of additional surgeries among other compensation terms depending on a country’s medical regulations.